Simple Causes and Complex Question
This simple question is very complicated now. The gateway between Central and South Asia (Afghanistan and mid-western Pakistan) once the home of traditional livestock agriculture (Pastoralism and Agro-Pastoralism) and unique livestock products; is now facing complex and multifaceted challenges, all are man-made.
Arya Warsha and Afghan Kuchis
The traveling Kochis (Afghan), the beautiful Balochis Gidans, the singing bells of chosen rams are now vanishing because of war and conflicts (born by the imperialistic global policies) and its allied consequences of deforestation, climate change, and restricting of traditional routes which they had been using since centuries (their animal were selected for the traits of long walk and resistance to diseases).
The livestock composition of traditional AnGR keepers is composed of 60-70 % sheep, followed by goat, camel, cattle, and donkey with few horses and dogs. Sheep (the major part) depends on grasses and herbs fauna. This precious fauna is the first prey of droughts and climate change. The historical Arya Warsha (mother grasslands cited in Avesta) cannot support herbaceous grasses for sheep culture because of many reasons like droughts, faulty agricultural operations, and creeping desertification.
Sheep is the Backbone
Sheep husbandry was once the key institution of the region's pastoral people both as a fabrication unit of consumer demanded products (Pesenda meat and Qourath) and cultural heritage. This heritage is now facing severe threat; droughts and war & conflicts are the majors' portion of these threats.https://camel4all.wordpress.com/persendadry-meat-cousine-of-pashtun-afghan/
Livestock is the Bank on Hooves
Traditional Livestock Agriculture always worked as strong bonding for communities on one hand and provided jobs and livelihood to thousands of families on the other hand. Their way of production is sustainable and their products are health promising. They are the true producers and their life is simple and incredible. They are the custodian of precious animal genetic resources (AnGR) and their life is in tune with nature.
Fall of Institution (Pastoralism)
The eradication of such unique institutions is resulting in many complex situations like the provision of fuel (unemployed youth) to the already alarming war conflicts.
Coherence and sincere efforts for the solution of the political conflicts and a master plan (scientific study) to give solid programs for the conservation and development of this unique animal agriculture.