Monday, August 14, 2017

camel4all: Hidden Treasure! The Camel Milk

camel4all: Hidden Treasure! The Camel Milk: Camel milk is a unique and incredible creature of God. Not only a food but a gift of nature for natural health and beauty. This hidden tre...

Monday, August 24, 2015

What is the Reality? Grazing Leads to Blazing

Is it really true that grazing leads to blazing? I think it is opposite. Today I read an article in "Wild Life News" 1, regarding the role of livestock grazing for fire hazards in forests, especially western region of USA. The now a days fire, burning thousands of hectares of forest daily in the United States.

 I astonished while seeing that author is blaming livestock for fire hazards. Before I seldom saw such a serious allegations on livestock as a key role in provoking fire hazard. Many other ecologists including me thinking otherwise exactly at 90 angle. The livestock is the best tool to control threats of fire by consuming forages (highly combustible) and minimize the chances of fire. The literature regarding the ecosystem services and fire hazard control is fortified with the role of livestock. There are many references
2,3,4,5,. See the role of goats as goats may be herded to control weeds and reduce fire hazard, often on steep hills where other brush control methods would be expensive and difficult 3. 
There are many other reasons and causes of the natural hazards, especially fire in the forests. Such reasons ranging from the introduction of the invasive plants species, global warming, restriction of livestock grazing, intensive agricultural operations up to post fire panting and logging. The references for such literature are given 6,7,8,.



References;
1. Travis Bruner. 2015. Grazing leads to Blazing. Online. http://www.thewildlifenews.com/2015/08/21/grazing-leads-to-blazing/

2.Huntsinger L,California Mediterranean Rangelands and Ecosystem Conservation. Environmental Science, Policy and Management, MC 3110, University of California, Berkeley California: online http://ourenvironment.berkeley.edu/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/pastoralism-trivero.pdf

3. Eva. K. Strand et al. 2014. Livestock Grazing Effects on Fuel loads for wildland fire in Sagebursh Dominated Ecosystems. Journal of Rangeland Applications. Vol(1) pp:2331-5512. Online
http://journals.lib.uidaho.edu/index.php/jra/article/view/12/39

4.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grazing

5. Benefits of Grazing Animals. Online http://www.ebparks.org/about/stewardship/grazing/benefits

6. Managing fire-prone forests in the western United States
Read More: http://www.esajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1890/1540-9295(2006)4%5B481:MFFITW%5D2.0.CO%3B2 

7. An integrated Approach to the Ecology and Management of Plant Invasions. Online.
. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2386985?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Increasing world consumption of beef as a driver of regional and global change: A call for policy action based on eon evidence from Queensland (Australia), Colombia and Brazil. Global Environmental ChangeVolume 19, Issue 1, February 2009, Pages 21–33


Friday, November 7, 2014

Question of Food Security under the Shadows of Droughts, Wars & Climate Change



This simple question is very complicated now. The gateway between Central and South Asia (Afghanistan and mid-western Pakistan) once the home of traditional livestock agriculture (Pastoralism and Agro-Pastoralism) and unique livestock products; is now facing complex and multifaceted challenges, all are man-made.


The travelling Kochis (Afghan), the beautiful Balochis Gidans, the singing bells of chosen rams are now vanishing because of war and conflicts (born by the imperialistic global policies) and its allied consequences of deforestation, climate change and restricting of traditional routes which they had been using since centuries (their animal were selected for the traits of long walk and resistance to diseases). The livestock composition of traditional AnGR keepers is composed of 60-70 % sheep, followed by goat, camel, cattle, and donkey with few horses and dogs. Sheep (the major part) depends on grasses and herbs fauna. This precious fauna is the first prey of droughts and climate change. The historical Arya Warsha (mother grasslands cited in Avesta) cannot support herbaceous grasses for sheep culture because of many reasons like droughts, faulty agricultural operations, and creeping desertification.

Sheep husbandry was once the key institution of the region's pastoral people both as fabrication unit of consumer demanded products (Pesenda meat and Qourath) and cultural heritage. This heritage is now facing severe threat; droughts and war n conflicts are the majors' portion of these threats.https://camel4all.wordpress.com/persendadry-meat-cousine-of-pashtun-afghan/

Traditional Livestock Agriculture always worked as strong bonding for communities on one hand and provided jobs and livelihood to thousands of families on the other hand. Their way of production is sustainable and their products are healthy promising. They are the true producers and their life is simple and incredible. They are the custodian of precious animal genetic resources (AnGR) and their life is in tune with nature.

The eradication of such unique institutions is resulting in many complex situations like provision of fuel (unemployed youth) to the already alarming war conflicts.

Coherence and sincere efforts for the solution of the political conflicts and a master plan (scientific study) to give solid programs for the conservation and development of this unique animal agriculture.